Russia (Game of Nations)
Russia, officially the Russian Federation, is a constitutional monarchy that is the largest country in the world, encompassing parts of eastern Europe and northern Asia. Spanning across eleven time zones and having a population of 156 million people that includes more than 150 ethnic groups, Russia is the world's last great land empire. Despite facing severe economic and demographic hardships after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, by the middle of the 21st century Russia recovered and is considered to be one of the great powers of the world. The Russian economy is in the world's ten largest economies and its military is considered to be second to none since the collapse of the United States.
Politics and government
The basis for Russian law was originally the 1993 Russian Constitution, which was replaced with a new one following the 2023 constitutional reform. The new constitution reflects the restoration of the Russian monarchy, among other changes to the country's political structure. It was last amended in 2024 to account for the reunification of Belarus with the Russian Federation.
List of monarchs
List of prime ministers
From the early 1990s until 2023 (as per the 1993 Russian Constitution), the Russian Federation consisted of 83 (85 from 2014) federal subjects with different levels of autonomy, including federal level cities, republics, oblasts, autonomous okrugs, krais, and one autonomous oblast. As a result of the 2023 constitutional reform these were abolished and replaced with 65 governorates (губерния, guberniya) which were not autonomous and directly controlled by the central government. This was done to streamline regional administrations and to discourage secessionist movements, especially in republics with significant non-Slavic Russian ethnic groups.
Following the full reunification of Belarus with Russia after the Union State referendum in 2023, the former territory of the Republic of Belarus was organized into three new governorates (Minsk, Mogilev, and Grodno). Thus from January 2024 the Russian Federation officially has consisted of 68 governorates.
As a great power, Russia maintains relations with the vast majority of the world's countries and has significant diplomatic influence on every continent.
Because relations with the United States and NATO have been sour since the 1990s, China has been Russia's main strategic partner. In 2025 these two countries created the Strategic Defense Coalition, a military and economic pact. In both of those spheres, Russia and China continue close cooperation, although Russia has also sought to diversify its relations in the aftermath of the Second American Civil War and the waning American empire's receding global influence. Some disagreements over spheres of influence in Central Asia and economic deals have cooled the relationships somewhat since the 2030s. But nonetheless the PRC remains the country's closest ally.
The dissolution of NATO and the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Europe has made relations with the European Defense Alliance countries improve. Germany has been Russia's closest Western European partner, with the two having a close economic relationship by 2050. Italy and France also have developed significant ties with Russia. Some Eastern European countries, including Serbia and Bulgaria, have also began aligning themselves more closely with Russia since the 2020s. The Ukraine situation has been normalized as the Ukrainian government recognized Crimea as Russian in 2022, and Russo-Ukrainian relations are actively being restored with the signing of the new Russian–Ukrainian Friendship Treaty.
In Asia, Russia settled its territorial dispute with Japan and the two signed a formal treaty in 2021, with Russia giving control of the southern Kuril Islands to Japan. This was largely on the personal initiatives of Vladimir Putin and Shinzo Abe, though the Russian government considers it a strategic goal to counterbalance reliance on China (and reliance on European trade) by forming new partners in Asia, including Japan. Russia has also developed more ties with Korea, Vietnam, Indonesia, and most of ASEAN. Further to the west, most of the Arab states have developed close ties with Russia, which continued after the Great Gulf War and the withdrawal of American troops from the Arab monarchies and Iraq.
Russia has also increased its influence in Africa and has developed economic and military agreements with many African countries.